Media Info Belajar

Saturday, September 26, 2015

Pembahasan Teks Narrative Beserta Contohnya

Pada pembahasan kali ini yang ingin saya bahas adalah teks narrative ( narrative text). Teks narrative mempunyai tujuan komunikatif  to entertain/ amuse the readers and to deal with actual or variuous experience (menghibur pembaca dengan pengalaman nyata atau khayal). Ciri- ciri dalam teks narrative adalah adanya unsur konflik ( masalah) dan penyelesaian ( resolusi). Jumlah permasalahan bisa saja satu atau lebih dari satu.

Dalam teks narrative, mempunyai struktur teks sebagai berikut:
  • Orientation ( Latar; Tokoh, waktu, dan tempat)
  • Evaluation ( sifatnya opsional)
  • Complication ( pengembangan konflik)
  • Resolution ( penyelesaian konflik)
  • Reorientation  ( sifatnya opsional)

Ciri- ciri kebahasaan dalam teks narrative adalah sebagai berikut;
  1. Focus on spesific participants
  2. Use of past tense
  3. Use of temporal conjunctions and temporal circumstances
  4. Use of material ( or action) process
  5. Use of relational and mental  process.
  • Nouns tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, misalnya housework, stepsisters
  • Adjectives yang membentuk noun phrase, misalnya: two red apples, old wood house
  • Time connectives and conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadian misalnya then, before that, dsb.
  • Adverbs and adverbial phrases untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa, misalnya here, in the wood, happily ever after, dsb.
  • Action verbs dalam past tense, misalnya lived, stayed, left, dsb.
  • Saying verbs yang menandai ucapan seperti said

Ada beberapa tipe dalam narrative teks, biasanya teks tersebut  bersifat fiksi, fakta , atau gabungan antara keduanya. Cerita dalam narrative teks  bisa berbentuk cerita peri ( fairy stories), misteri ( mysteries), fiksi ilmiah ( science fiction), roman, cerita horor,  cerita petualangan, fabel, mitos dan legenda,  sejarah, balad, penggalan kisah hidup seseorang, ataupun pengalaman pribadi.

Berikut ini adalah contoh dari teks narrative.



Orientation
A jealous wife was continually quarreling with her husband over his mistress.

Complication
One day the husband said, “ woman, you are driving me mad. I’d rather die than do battle with you again. “ having said that, he locked himself in his room and went without food for few days. At the end of it the wife felt sorry, so she said, “ enough is enough! I’ll never show any jealously over you mistress again.”
After accepting a written statement of total obedience from his wife, he got out and ate  heartily. And sure enough, she became as obedient as pet cat ever since.
A friend of the man also had a mistress and he too had got no peace from his wife. When he heard of the trick, he decided to try it on her. So when he came home, he locked himself up and refused to eat. Five days passed and fearing that  he would die, he began to cry for food. Right then, his wife was in the next room preparing meat soup and barbequed beef. The pleasant smell floated over to his room, tempting the hungry man.
Unable to control himself any longer, he opened the door and  begged his wife,” listen! I promise that I’ll never see the other woman again if you will give me some meat to eat..”

Resolution
“Only if you swear,” she demanded. Following that, she gave him the meat and ate it like a hungry wolf.
Then the next day, when he told his friend what had happened, the friend laughed and said, “ Nobody can live five or six days without food and water. As for me, I hid a bag of shelled chestnuts in my sleeve, so that I could eat them in secret. That is the trick!”

Demikian pembahasan teks narrative beserta contohnya. Semoga bisa membantu anda yang membutuhkan. Bila ada pertanyaan seputar pembahasan kali ini. Silahkan isi kotak komentar di bawah ini. Terima kasih.