Friday, January 15, 2016

Tips Menjawab Soal Reading Comprehension Bahasa Inggris UN SMK 2015/ 2016

Pada pembelajaran bahasa Inggris kali ini, kami ingin memberikan beberapa tips dan juga contoh teks dalam menjawab pertanyaan seputar reading comprehension dalam soal Ujian Nasional (UN) SMK. Soal reading merupakan soal dimana kemampuan memahami bacaan diujikan dalam bahasa Inggris tertulis. Skop pertanyaan dalam reading Ujian Nasional (UN) SMK berkutat pada seputar menentukan gagasan utama/ informasi rinci/ informasi tersirat dalam teks dialog, teks esai pendek dan teks fungsional pendek tersebut (baca juga : Kisi- kisi ujian Nasional SMK 2015/ 2016). Pengetahuan anda tentang tata bahasa (grammar), kosakata (vocabulary) akan diuji juga dalam bagian tipe soal ini.

A. Strategi sebelum menjawab pertanyaan bacaan.
Adapun strategi menjawab soal bacaan dalam Ujian Nasional (UN) SMK adalah sebagai berikut :

  1. Bacalah pertanyaannya terlebih dahulu baru kemudian pahami maksudnya dan baru dicari jawabannya di dalam teks.
  2. Jangan pernah membaca teks atau bacaan dari awal sampai akhir.
  3. Cobalah untuk menebak mana jawaban yang paling tepat, bila tetap tidak bisa menemukan jawabannya, anda harus tetap memilih salah satu jawaban.
  4. Jangan terpaku pada pertanyaan yang sulit, cobalah manfaatkan waktu semaksimal mungkin untuk mengerjakan soal lain yang dirasa lebih mudah.

B. Memahami tipe- tipe pertanyaan reading dalam soal UN Bahasa Inggris SMK
1. Topik/ Tema
Topik utama merupakan subjek utama bacaan, tentang apa bacaan tersebut. Topik atau tema bisa berupa; inti tulisan ( the text is about) atau judul tulisan ( title). Tips dalam mencari topik adalah sebagai berikut :

  • Baca dahulu baris pertama dan kedua paragraf jika ada satu atau lebih paragraf.
  • Temukan kata kunci atau keyword yang selalu diulang- ulang baik pada bagian awal, tengah atau akhir terutama bagian kesimpulan.
  • Kata kunci ini dapat berupa persamaan kata atau kata yang sama artinya.


Contoh Pertanyaan dalam UN Bahasa Inggris SMK Tahun 2015

ANEOLIA: The Expert in gas analysis
Aneolia is a French company specializing in instrumentation for gas measurement, and packaging control. Our key customers are Food and Medical Companies, Heavy Industries, and Conservation of Works of Art.
Our technical team takes care of the calibration of all brands of gas analysers.
We also repair all generation of abiss® instruments.
We guaranty a fast and maximum service reactivity. Permanent telephone assistance, maintenance within 48 hours after reception of devices at workshop.

What is the text about?
A. French Fries.
B. F & B Restaurant.
C. Gas Analysis Company.
D. Telephone Assistance.
Pembahasan :
Teks diatas tentang profil dari ANEOLIA; Gas Analysis Company.

2. Tujuan (purpose/ aim)
Ini merupakan tujuan ataupun alasan utama penulis menulis bacaan itu. Tipsnya adalah pertanyaan tujuan itu biasanya dapat ditemukan pada paragraf pertama atau kedua dan ini biasanya berhubungan dengan main idea.

Contoh Pertanyaan
Dorian Mayhew Rothschild
60 Arthur St.
San Rafael CA 94901
Robert G. Olsen
President
Rt. Electronics Inc.
440 Montgomery St.
San Francisco. CA 94103
Dear Mr Olsen,
I am writing to you in order to express my gratitude for your decision to buy 200,000 shares of Eazy Buy Inc. preferred stock a capital investment of $2,150,000.
Please call me at my business phone number to discuss shareholder options including incentive stock options and board membership privileges. On behalf of Easy Buy Computer Outlet, I Welcome you to our family and look forward to working with you.
Please contact me at the above address if you have any questions or need additional information. I can be contacted by phone at (415) 373-1334 or (415) 465-1090. An e-mail can be sent to dmrothschild@rico.com
Sincerely,
DMR

What is the purpose of the letter?
A. To show thanks
B. To share the folders
C. To invest some money
D. To ask for phone numbers
Pembahasan :
Berdasar kalimat pertama,dapat diketahui bahwa tujuan surat tersebut adalah menyatakan terima kasih.
Jawaban : A

3. Informasi Rinci ( Detailed Information)
Pertanyaan ini menanyakan tentang fakta- fakta yang terdapat dalam bacaan mengenai : Who (siapa), What (apa), Where( Dimana, Kemana), When (Kapan) dan How (bagaimana).

Contoh Pertanyaan dalam UN SMK
Higher Education (HE) lecturers teach academic and vocational subjects to undergraduate and postgraduate students aged 18 upwards. They Work in universities and in some colleges of further education.
Teaching methods include lectures, seminars, tutorials, practical laboratory demonstrations, field Work and e-learning. Multimedia technologies are being increasingly used.
HE lecturers also pursue their own research to contribute to the wider research activities of their department/institution. Many aims to have their research published, either in the form of a book or scholarly article, and this can help raise the profile of their employing HE institution.
Administrative tasks take up a significant part of the working day. Many lecturers also take on a pastoral role with their students. As HE lecturers progress along their career paths, they may be expected to undertake a managerial role of the relevant department.
According to the text, what can we share as the teaching methods for Higher Education?
A. Seminars and drawing
B. Tutorials and field trip.
C. E-learning and playing games.
D. Laboratory demonstration and lecturers.
Pembahasan :
Silahkan lihat pada paragraf kedua, yang merupakan "teaching method" nya adalah laoratory and lecturers.

4. Vocabulary
Pertanyaan vocabulary untuk mencari synonim, antonym, maupun pengertian dari kata ( word's definition).
Tipsnya
penguasaan vocabulary atau dengan menebak sesuai dengan konteks kalimat/ bacaan ( guessing meaning from the context)
Contoh soal vocabulary
Instructions:
l. Create a cover letter saying who the document is for and from as well as their tended
fax number and your phone number. Place the cover letter on top of your documents
and insert it into the fax machine.
2. Enter the fax number.
3. Hit the send key once. Now you have properly entered all of the numbers into the
machine.
4. Wait for your documents to pass through the machine and collect them when
finished.
5. Look for a confirmation page to print.

“Wait for your documents to pass through the machine and collect them when finished.”
Which of the following is the synonym of the underlined word?
A. Design.
B. Industry.
C. Engine.
D. Tool.
Pembahasan :
Sesuai dengan konteks diatas, maka sinonim dari kata "machine" adalah "engine".

5. Inference
Kesimpulan yang diperoleh berdasarkan fakta dalam bacaan. Tips nya adalah dengan mencocokkan jawaban dengan fakta dalam teks tersebut. Keyword sangat penting bagi pertanyaan tipe ini, keyword bisa berupa sinonim atau persamaan kata.

Contoh pertanyaan Inference.

For over 30 years, Interoffice has designed, manufactured and distributed high quality office furniture. Our products are designed by our Italian-based manufacturing facility, with a focus on durability and contemporary design. Our retail presence in central London allows us to demonstrate the range of products available, and lets our clients sample the furniture first-hand. Our strengths in furniture, planning and advice are what set us apart. Though we are based in London, we supply office furniture to clients across the UK, the US, Europe and Asian countries.
We have worked with thousands of businesses, always offering a highly customized approach, as no two projects are the same. We also visit our clients at their own offices so we can help them plan and design their ideal office environment. Our interior design service is free of charge and our clients find it a critical stage in the process, allowing them to visualize their office environment before the furniture is installed.

We can conclude from the text that lnteroffice ....
A. interior design service costs a lot
B. is concerned about the environment
C. offers home made furniture
D. products have gone abroad
Pembahasan :
Pernyataan yang paling tepat dalam jawaban adalah pada jawaban products have gone abroad, bisa dilihat pada baris keenam paragraf pertama.

** Sumber soal :
UN SMK BAHASA INGGRIS SMK TAHUN 2014/ 2015

Demikian pembelajaran kali ini tentang bagaimana menjawab soal reading comprehension UN bahasa Inggris SMK tahun 2016. Bila ada pertanyaan seputar pembelajaran diatas, silahkan hubungi kontak kami atau silahkan isikan pada kolom komentar di bawah. Semoga bermanfaat dan sukses. Salam.