Wednesday, January 3, 2018

Contoh Soal Teks Narrative dalam Ujian Nasional Bahasa Inggris SMA

Teks narrative mempunyai tujuan komunikatif  to entertain/ amuse the readers and to deal with actual or variuous experience (menghibur pembaca dengan pengalaman nyata atau khayal). Ciri- ciri dalam teks narrative adalah adanya unsur konflik ( masalah) dan penyelesaian ( resolusi). Jumlah permasalahan bisa saja satu atau lebih dari satu.

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Dalam teks narrative, mempunyai struktur teks sebagai berikut:
  • Orientation ( Latar; Tokoh, waktu, dan tempat)
  • Evaluation ( sifatnya opsional)
  • Complication ( pengembangan konflik)
  • Resolution ( penyelesaian konflik)
  • Reorientation  ( sifatnya opsional)

Ciri- ciri kebahasaan dalam teks narrative adalah sebagai berikut;
  1. Focus on spesific participants
  2. Use of past tense
  3. Use of temporal conjunctions and temporal circumstances
  4. Use of material ( or action) process
  5. Use of relational and mental  process.
  • Nouns tertentu sebagai kata ganti orang, misalnya housework, stepsisters
  • Adjectives yang membentuk noun phrase, misalnya: two red apples, old wood house
  • Time connectives and conjunctions untuk mengurutkan kejadian misalnya then, before that, dsb.
  • Adverbs and adverbial phrases untuk menunjukkan lokasi kejadian atau peristiwa, misalnya here, in the wood, happily ever after, dsb.
  • Action verbs dalam past tense, misalnya lived, stayed, left, dsb.
  • Saying verbs yang menandai ucapan seperti said

Ada beberapa tipe dalam narrative teks, biasanya teks tersebut  bersifat fiksi, fakta , atau gabungan antara keduanya. Cerita dalam narrative teks  bisa berbentuk cerita peri ( fairy stories), misteri ( mysteries), fiksi ilmiah ( science fiction), roman, cerita horor,  cerita petualangan, fabel, mitos dan legenda,  sejarah, balad, penggalan kisah hidup seseorang, ataupun pengalaman pribadi.

Berikut ini adalah contoh dari teks narrative.


Contoh Teks Narrative
Soal- soal narrative text biasanya mencakup pertanyaan seputar menentukan gambaran umum, menemukan informasi tertentu, menentukan pikiran utama paragraf, menentukan informasi rinci baik tersirat maupun tersurat, menentukan makna kata seperti persamaan dan lawan kata serta menentukan nilai moral dalam teks tersebut.

Contoh Soal Narrative Text
Untuk melengkapi pembahasan Narrative Text, berikut contoh soal narrative text yang langsung bisa dikerjakan secara online. Soal berjumlah sepuluh butir yang sesuai dengan soal- soal acuan standar Ujian Nasional SMA. Nilai atau skor akan terlihat saat anda sudah menyelesaikan latihan soal.


Text 1 for number 1 - 3
Once a man sold his well to a farmer. Next day when a farmer went to draw the water from that well, the man did not allow him to draw the water from it. He said, “I have sold you the well, not the water, so you cannot draw the water from the well.”
The farmer became very sad and came to the Emperor’s court. He described everything to the Emperor and asked for the justice. The Emperor called Birbal and handed over this case to him. Birbal called the man who sold the well to the farmer. Birbal asked, “Why don’t you let him use the water of the well. You have sold the well to the farmer.” The man replied, “Birbal, I have sold the well to the farmer, not the water. He has no right to draw the water from the well.”
Then Birbal smiled and said to him, “Good, but look, since you have sold the well to this farmer, and you claim that water is yours, then you have no right to keep your water in the farmer’s well. Either you pay rent to the farmer to keep your water in his well, or you take that out of his well immediately.”
The man understood, that his trick has failed. Birbal has outwitted him.

1. What is the text about?
A farmer and witty birbal
A smart man and a farmer
An emperor and a witty birbal
Farmer’s well and witty birbal
A farmer and an emperor

2. Why didn’t the man let the farmer use the water from the well?
Because the man needed the water for himself
Because there was no water in the well
Because the man obeyed what the emperor said
Because water in the well was not included in the sales agreement they made before
Because the man thought that he had sold the well but the water was not involved

3. What is the moral value of the text?
Stealing is not a good thing, you can always use your brain and ease out of the difficult situations.
Don’t try to cheat because you will end up paying for it regardless of how smart you think you are.
One who desires more, loses all. One should remain satisfied with what one gets
There is no substitute for hard work because dreams cannot be fulfilled without hard work
Do not just blindly walk in to anything without thinking

Text 2 for number 4 -7
Once upon a time Sammy and his sister Marie visited their grandparents at their farm. Sammy picked up a slingshot to play with out in the woods. He practiced in the woods but he could never hit the target. Getting a little discouraged, he headed back for the lunch. As he was walking back he saw Grandma’s pet duck.
Just out of impulse, he let the slingshot fly which hit the duck square in the head and killed it. He was shocked and grieved. In a panic, he hid the dead duck in the pile of woods. Marie had seen it all from the window but she said nothing. After the lunch, the next day Grandma said, “Marie, let’s wash the dishes.” Marie said, “But Grandma, Sammy told me he wanted to help in the kitchen.”
Then she whispered to Sammy, “Remember the duck?” Sammy got nervous knowing his sister knew about the duck and if he doesn’t obey, she may tell his grandparents about it. So without saying anything he did the dishes.
Later that day, Grandpa asked if the children wanted to go fishing but Grandma said, “I’m sorry but I need Marie to help make a supper.” Marie just smiled and said, “Well that’s all right because Sammy told me he wanted to help.”
She whispered again to Johnny, “Remember the duck?” So Marie went fishing and Sammy stayed to help. After several days of Marie taking advantage of Sammy, he finally couldn’t stand it any longer. He came to Grandma and confessed that he had killed the duck.
Grandma knelt down, gave him a hug and said, “Sweetheart, I know. I was standing at the window and I saw the whole thing but because I love you, I forgave you. I was just wondering how long you would let Marie take advantage of you.”
Source : http://www.moralstories.org
4. What does the text mainly talk about?
A little boy and a duck
A little boy in a slingshot
A reckless little boy
A brave little boy
A humble little boy

5. Why didn’t Sammy tell to his grandmother that he had killed the duck? Because ….
He was relieved that he could hit the target
He waited for his sister tell his grandparents about it
He was afraid of saying about the duck
He did not want to tell about it
He wanted to tell abouth the truth later

6. What is the moral value of the story?
Practice makes perfect
What is bad in one case may be good in another
Don’t trust people easily
You should confess of your mistakes
Keep going and do the best

Text 3 for number 7 -10
Once upon a time there was a traveler who went to a distant town. It almost midnight when he got the town. He came to an inn but the inn was locked. He tried to knock at the door.
“Who are you? What do you want?” asked a voice from inside the inn. “The door cannot be unlocked at such an odd hour.”
The traveler needed a rest, food and shelter. He begged, “ Please, unlock the door. How cold it is outside.”
The innkeeper replied,” it’s strange lock and can be opened only with a silver key.”
Because of his needs and the terrible condition outside, the traveler finally obeyed about what innkeeper said and passed a silver coin through a slit in the door. Then he got the door unlocked and entered into the inn.
“I have left one of my bags outside”said the traveler.” Will you please bring it in?”
No sooner the inkeeper had gone out and the traveler locked the door from inside. The greedy inkeeper was outside and shut on. He requested to unlock the door to the traveler.
The traveler replied, “ I’m helpless, it’s a strange lock and can be opened only with a silver key.”
The inkeeper was required to push a silver coin though the slit. The traveler got back his silver coin and unlock the door.
(Taken from : Angel’s Moral Stories)
7. What is the story about?
A traveler going to a distant town
A wicked traveler and a helpless traveler
A silver key which is used to unlock the door’s inn
A greedy inkeeper and a smart traveler
a traveler who came from a distant town

8. It can be referred from the text that ….
Inn was unlocked when the traveler came
The innkeeper summoned the traveler to go inside because of his poor condition
The traveler finally got back his silver coin from the inkeeper
The traveler brought all of his bags inside
The silver coin was given after the door opened

9. What is the moral value of the story above?
Revenge is a bad thing to apply in every condition
We should prepare well when we travel
Don’t underestimate to someone
Smart person always beats greedy person
We should avoid bribery in our life

10. The traveler finally obeyed about what innkeeper said and passed a silver coin through a slit in the door.... his needs and the terrible condition outside.
Because
since
as
for
due to

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Correct answers:
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