Thursday, November 19, 2015

Pengertian, Penggunaan dan Contoh Gerund Dalam Bahasa Inggris

Gerund merupakan bentuk verb-ing dari kata kerja yang difungsikan sebagai kata benda ( noun). Bentuk Gerund sama seperti dalam Present Participle tetapi mempunyai makna yang berbeda sehingga artinya bukan berarti sedang. Contoh dari Gerund adalah sebagai berikut : Reading, hunting, swimming, smoking, speaking, dan sebagainya.
Berikut ini beberapa Penggunaan dan contoh dari Gerund
Digunakan sebagai Subjek kalimat
Contoh :
  1. Reading a lot is a must for every student.
  2. Crossing the dessert is very tiresome.
  3. Smoking is bad for your health.
  4. Being a doctor is his ambition.
Digunakan sebagai Obyek kalimat
Contoh :
  1. He loves hunting
  2. They finish speaking
  3. I don’t like smoking
Sebagai subyektif complement
Contoh :
  1. My favorite past time is swimming in the river
  2. Her hobby is climbing mountain

Sebagai keterangan tambahan ( appositive ) dalam kalimat
Contoh :
  1. Her favorite hobby, travelling , gives her more experiences.
  2. She has an extreme hobby, diving in the deep sea.

 Digunakan dibelakang possesive adjective atau possessive Noun
Contoh :
  1. I don’t mind your living here.
  2. You know her  feeling sad.
  3. The idea of his selling house doesn’t appeal to his wife.

Digunakan di belakang kata No … fungsinya membentuk larangan atau peringatan.
Contoh :
  1. No Smoking!
  2. No parking!
  3. No littering!

Digunakan setelah kata depan ( preposisi) ; without, after, before, instead of, about, by
Contoh :
  1. Before leaving the house, I locked the door.
  2. Instead of meeting, she is complaining.
  3. They discussing about going to Bali next holiday.

Digunakan setelah verb + preposition
  • Accused of
  • Approve of
  • Be better of
  • Count on
  • Depend on
  • Confess to
  • Give up
  • Go on
  • Insist on
  • Keep on
  • Put off
  • Rely on
  • Succeed in
  • Think of
  • Dream about
  • Worry about
Contoh :
  1. She gave up smoking because of his health condition.
  2. They confess to stealing the shop.
  3. Linda is thinking of buying new car.
Digunakan setelah kata kerja tertentu

admit
advise
anticipate
appreciate
avoid
complete
consider
delay
deny
discuss
dislike
enjoy
finish
forget
can’t help
keep
mention
mind
miss
postpone
practice
quint
recall
recollect
recommend
regret
remember
resent
resist
risk
stop
suggest
tolerate
understand
smell, etc.

Contoh :
  1. She dislikes watching horror movies
  2. I smell something burning there.
  3. He postponed making decision.
  4. The students enjoy listening to Indonesian song.
  5. She suggested staying here for a month.
Digunakan setelah Adjective + preposition


accustomed to
afraid of
fond of
capable of
intent on
interested in
successful in
sorry for
tired of
Contoh :
  1. She is tired of doing her work.
  2. We are interested in travelling around the world by bike.
  3. I’m sorry for cancelling the schedule.
Demikian pembahasan kami mengenai Pengertian, Penggunaan dan Contoh Gerund Dalam Bahasa Inggris. Semoga bisa bermanfaat. Terima kasih.