Friday, April 20, 2018

Latihan Soal TKPA Bahasa Inggris SBMPTN

Jalur masuk PTN melalui SNMPTN tahun 2018 sudah diumumkan beberapa hari yang lalu. Ada pihak yang bahagia maupun kecewa dengan pengumuman tersebut. Bahagia karena namanya tercantum dalam pengumuman tersebut dan tinggal selangkah lagi menuju tahapan selanjutnya. Sedangkan bagi yang namanya belum tercantum, rasa kecewa pasti menghampiri. Namun SNMPTN bukanlah satu-satunya penerimaan mahasiswa baru PTN. Masih ada kesempatan lain yaitu melalui SBMPTN maupun seleksi Ujian Mandiri. Dalam waktu dekat ini, seleksi masuk PTN yang akan dilaksanakan adalah melalui SBMPTN. Tentu saja, saringan melalui jalur ini lumayan "berat", karena tidak seperti SNMPTN, SBMPTN didasarkan pada kemampuan yang diukur melalui berbagai macam tes. Salah satu tes yang akan dilakoni adalah TKPA. Tes ini mengukur kemampuan akademik, seperti tes potensi akademik, matematika dasar, bahasa Indonesia, dan bahasa Inggris.


Yang akan saya ulas disini adalah pada kemampuan potensi akademik khususnya pada materi bahasa Inggris. Sebenanya pada posting sebelumnya, sudah pernah saya bahas mengenai hal ini tetapi lebih ke mengenal soal TKPA Bahasa Inggris SBMPTN saja. (Baca Juga : Mengenal Soal TKPA Bahasa Inggris SBMPTN). jadi kurang rasanya bila saya tidak melengkapinya dengan latihan soal TKPA bahasa Inggris SBMPTN sehingga adik- adik memiliki gambaran tipe  soal bahasa Inggris SBMPTN. 

Format soal bahasa Inggris SBMPTN memang tidak bisa ditentukan secara baku. Kita bisa saja menemukan soal teks reading pilihan ganda ataupun soal reading teks rumpang. Selain itu, tipe pertanyaan soal biasanya dibuat dalam level "sulit", artinya membutuhkan penalaran tingkat tinggi. Oleh karena itu, satu hal yang mesti dilakukan adalah belajar, belajar dan belajar. Banyak latihan dan tingkatkan level pemahaman akan teks serta soal dengan membaca teks- teks yang selevel, misalnya jurnal ilmiah, teks- teks pada soal TOEFL, artikel ilmiah dan sebagainya.

Nah, untuk membantu adik- adik yang sedang mempersiapkan ujian SBMPTN, seperti yang saya uraikan tadi diatas, akan saya sediakan latihan soal TKPA bahasa Inggris SBMPTN. Soal berjumlah dua puluh soal yang saya sitat dari soal TKPA Bahasa Inggris SBMPTN tahun 2015 sampai 2017. Semoga dengan tambahan latihan soal ini, bisa memberikan gambaran tentang soal TKPA bahasa Inggris SBMPTN tahun 2018 ini. Latihan soal ini bisa dikerjakan secara online dengan menge-klik tombol pada pilihan jawaban yang benar. Skor dan jawaban yang benar akan tampil setelah pengerjaan soal selesai. Jangan lupa bila bermanfaat, share tulisan ini ke teman- teman dan tuliskan pada kolom komentar mengenai kesan anda.

Berikut latihannya. 

Choose the best answer by clicking the right answer button!
Soal TKPA SBMPTN tahun 2017 Kode 226
Text for number 1 to 3
Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks.
There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.
People with bipolar disorder experience periods of unusually intense emotion, changes in sleep patterns and activity levels, and unusual behaviors. These distinct periods are called “mood episodes.” Mood episodes are drastically different from the moods and behaviors that are typical for the person. Extreme changes in energy, activity, and sleep go along with mood episodes.
Sometimes a mood episode includes symptoms of both manic and depressive symptoms. This is called an episode with mixed features. People experiencing an episode with mixed features may feel very sad, empty, or hopeless, while at the same time feeling extremely energized.
Bipolar disorder can be present even when mood swings are less extreme. For example, some people with bipolar disorder experience hypomania, a less severe form of mania. During a hypomanic episode, an individual may feel very good, be highly productive, and function well. The person may not feel that anything is wrong, but family and friends may recognize the mood swings and/or changes in activity levels as possible bipolar disorder. Without proper treatment, people with hypomania may develop severe mania or depression.

Adapted from : http://nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/bipolar-disorder/index.shtml

1. What is the topic of the passage?
Manic-Depressive illness
Brain disorder episodes
"Up" and "down" periods of moods
Moods changes during depression
Emotional problems for bipolar disorder

2. The word "intense" in line 7 means...
non-stop
broad
constant
tough
strong

3. One of the symptoms of manic episodes is feeling ....
very lively
extremely happy
really powerful
unusually strong
awfully active

Soal TKPA SBMPTN tahun 2017 Kode 226
Text for number 4 to 7
The apps, games and websites that are promoted as ‘educational’ are not always the best ones for supporting learning. The fact that they’re interactive doesn’t necessarily mean that they’re much better than an old-fashioned workbook with its right and wrong answers. Children may enjoy these products for a while but then get a bit bored, and we now know that they are not the most appropriate or engaging way to learn.
Treat so-called ‘free’ apps with caution. Some will expose your child to adverts. Others are designed to wait until your child is engaged in a game or storyline and then demand payment before they can go any further. This can lead to frustration as young children don’t understand why they can’t continue. Sometimes it’s better to make a small payment up front if the app promises no further purchases. However, the CBeebies Playtime and CBeebies Storytime apps are free to download and completely free of adverts or in-app purchases.
Choosing an app needs the same kind of thought and care you would put into buying anything else for your child. Don’t rely only on the star rating, but read the user reviews and check the privacy policy if you’re worried about the personal information that the app might be collecting. If you want your child to enjoy learning, to develop curiosity, and to think about things creatively then provide them with a range of games and apps. Open-ended games that become progressively more challenging and encourage children to explore and have fun are more likely to establish a love of learning and to lay the foundation for their future development.
physical activity, reading and other more 'traditional' activities continue to play a very important part in children's development, most parents do rely on screen devices from time to time to engage their child while they’re busy with something else. This is not a problem in itself, just as long as children’s time is made up of a balanced range of activities.

Adapted from : http://bbc.co.uk/guides/z3tsyrd

4. The author reminds readers to be more careful with commercialism in free applications in paragraph (s) ....
1
2
3
1 and 4
2 and 3

5. How does the idea in sentence 6 related to the other ideas in paragraph 2?
Sentence 6 elaborates the other ideas in paragraph 2
Sentence 6 is the result of the other ideas in paragraph 2
Sentence 6 strongly contradicts the other ideas in paragraph 2
Sentence 6 is the implementation of the theory discussed in paragraph 2
Sentences 6 provides another type of free applications discussed in paragraph 2

6. The author would apparently agree that....
open-ended games can stimulate children's love for learning
some games and applications are boring because they are too easy
there is no convincing prediction for the future of the games and apps
it is better to pay the games in advance so that children can learn freely
apps star rating provides users with reviews on the good things of games and apps

7. Regarding busy parents' reliance on screen devices to help keep their children entertained, the author assumes that ....
it is the parents' responsibility to make their children less engaged with screen devices
children whose parents are busy with theirr activities must use screen devices less
parents need to be aware of their children's need for varied activities
such parents' reliance is acceptable as long as the children are given the right proportion of other activities
it is not tolerable as their children need to have more physical activities

Soal TKPA SBMPTN tahun 2016 Kode 330
Text for number 8-10
Emotion is a complex, subjective experience accompanied by biological and behavioral changes. Emotion involves feeling, thinking, activation of the nervous system, physiological changes, and behavioral changes such as facial expressions. Different theories exist regarding how and why people experience emotion. These include evolutionary theories, the James-Lange theory.
More than a century ago, in the 1870s, Charles Darwin proposed that emotions evolved because they had adaptive value. For example, fear evolved because it helped people to act in ways that enhanced their chances of survival. Darwin believed that facial expressions of emotion are innate (hard-wired). He pointed out that facial expressions allow people to quickly judge someone’s hostility or friendliness and to communicate intentions to others.
Recent evolutionary theories of emotion also consider emotions to be innate responses to stimuli. Evolutionary theorists tend to downplay the influence of thought and learning on emotion, although they acknowledge that both can have an effect. Evolutionary theorists believe that all human cultures share several primary emotions, including happiness, contempt, surprise, disgust, anger, fear, and sadness. They believe that all other emotions result from blends and different intensities of these primary emotions.
In the 1880s, two theorists, psychologist William James and physiologist Carl Lange, independently proposed an idea that challenged commonsense beliefs about emotion. This idea, which came to be known as the James-Lange theory, is that people experience emotion because they perceive their bodies’ physiological responses to external events. According to this theory, people don’t cry because they feel sad. Rather, people feel sad because they cry, and, likewise, they feel happy because they smile. This theory suggests that different physiological states correspond to different experiences of emotion.

diadaptasi dari : htttp://http://sparknotes.com/psychology/psych101/emotion/section1.rhtml

8. What does the passage discuss?
Effects of environment on human emotion
Various experts' efforts in defining emotion
Different points of view on the account of emotion
The influence of laws of evolution on human emotion
Collaboration of human physiology andd psychology on emotion

9. The word exclude in paragraph 3 is best replaced by .....
underline
propose
relate
pinpoint
disregard

10. James-Lange theory is different from evolutionary theories in terms of ....
Physiological and psychological aspects of human being
the influence of human socio-cultural values
how emotion is initiated
why emotion is essential for human beings
the interaction of human beings with their environment

Soal TKPA SBMPTN tahun 2016 Kode 330
Text for number 11-14
A study showed that a single artisanal coral reef fishery can produce over 30,000 meals per year, with an annual economic value of more than $78,000. The study was conducted in the Hawaiian bay of Kiholo by Conservation International, the Hui Aloha Kīholo — a community-based stewardship group — the National Geographic Society, The Nature Conservancy and the University of Hawai'i at Mānoa.
Ocean and coastal ecosystems bring a range of benefits to people worldwide, providing food and livelihoods to millions, but global and local stressors threaten these services. To better understand the benefits from ocean environments, the authors of this study investigated how an artisanal fishery supports a community, using a community-based approach to assess the factors affecting resource sustainability and food security in a small-scale coral reef fishery. The authors found that the small-scale Kīholo Bay fishery provides large-scale benefits to communities. "This coral reef fishery generates diverse social, economic and cultural values, which support the health and well-being of the Kīholo community," said lead author Dr. Jack Kittinger, director of Conservation International's Hawai'i program. "These benefits are likely common to coral reef fisheries across the globe, supporting key food security functions, cultural practices as well as local livelihoods."
The results of the study suggest that similar coral reef fisheries around the world provide to the people who depend on them with the same types of benefits. The survey found that 58 percent of the caught seafood is kept for home consumption, 34 percent is given away and only 8 percent sold to commercial markets. "We found that the vast majority of the catch is kept for home consumption or given away as part of cultural practices, showing the important role that this bay plays in sustaining our community," said Jenny Mitchell, a board member of Hui Aloha Kīholo. "When Kīholo thrives, so do we."
By surveying fishermen for an entire year, researchers were able to estimate that the fishery produced more than 7,300 pounds of seafood per year for the community of people who rely upon the fishery. Nearly 60 percent of the catch is used for subsistence, contributing to community food security, and geographic analysis of community beneficiaries showed that 20 percent of seafood procured is used for sociocultural events that are important for social cohesion.

Diadaptasi dari : http://conservation.org/NewsRoom/pressreleases/Pages/Reef-to-Table-small-scale-reef-fisheries-provide-big-benefits-to-people.aspx

11. What can be inferred from the passage?
The study was conducted because coral reefs are threatened globally
Sociocultural practices have burdened the sustainability of coral reef fishery
The benefits local people get from the existing coral reefs are immense
Coral reef fishery helps local people maintain their social relationship
Coral reef fishery provides the world with unlimited resource of food

12. The sentence "Ocean and coastal ecosystem bring a range of benefits to people worldwide." in paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to ....
people in most countries benefit from marine business
ocean benefit the world with water as the main source of rainfalls
many people gain considerable advantages from marine ecosystems
explorations from coast to ocean should be done to gain the most benefit
those benefited by marine lives range from local people to people worldwide

13. Which of the following reflects the author's bias about economic value of coral reef?
Fish- based food resources are guaranteed
It is applicable to any coral reef elsewhere
People shared the benefits of coral reefs
Coral reefs influences cultural events
people get benefits from coral reefs

14. In presenting the ideas, the author starts by ....
showing the benefits of fishery in Kiholo Bay
stating findings of research on coral reef fishery
warning the potential of coral reef damage
arguing the economic value of coral reef
describing the benefits of coral reef

Soal TKPA SBMPTN tahun 2015 Kode 610
Text for number 15 - 20
Eating one avocado a day as part of a heart healthy, cholesterol-lowering moderate-fat diet can help improve bad cholesterol levels in overweight and obese individuals, according to new research published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.
Researchers evaluated the effect avocados had on traditional and novel cardiovascular risk factors by replacing saturated fatty acids from an average American diet with unsaturated fatty acids from avocados.
Forty-five healthy, overweight or obese patients between the ages of 21 and 70 were put on three different cholesterol-lowering diets. Participants consumed an average American diet (consisting of 34 percent of calories from fat, 51 percent carbohydrates, and 16 percent protein) for two weeks prior to starting one of the following cholesterol lowering diets: lower fat diet without avocado, moderate-fat diet without avocado, and moderate-fat diet with one avocado per day. The two moderate fat diets both provided 34 percent of calories as fat (17 percent of calories from monounsaturated fatty acids/MUFAs), whereas the lower fat diet provided 24 percent of calories as fat (11 percent from MUFAs). Each participant consumed each of the three test diet for five weeks. Participants were randomly sequenced through each of the three diets.
Researchers found that Compared to the baseline average American diet, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) -- the so called 'bad cholesterol' -- was 13.5 mg/dL lower after consuming the moderate fat diet that included an avocado. LDL was also lower on the moderate fat diet without the avocado (8.3 mg/dL lower) and the lower fat diet (7.4 mg/dL lower), though the results were not as striking as the avocado diet.
Several additional blood measurements were also more favorable after the avocado diet versus the other two cholesterol-lowering diets as well: total cholesterol, triglycerides, small dense LDL, non-HDL cholesterol, and others.
These measurements are all considered to be cardio-metabolic risk factors in ways that are independent of the heart-healthy fatty acid effects, said Penny M. Kris-Etherton, Ph.D., R.D., senior study author and Chair of the American Heart Association's Nutrition Committee and Distinguished Professor of Nutrition at Pennsylvania State University, in University Park, Pennsylvania.
"This was a controlled feeding study, but that is not the real-world -- so it is a proof-of-concept investigation. We need to focus on getting people to eat a heart-healthy diet that includes avocados and other nutrient-rich food sources of better fats," Kris-Etherton said.
In addition to MUFAs, avocados also provided other bioactive components that could have contributed to the findings such as fiber, phytosterols, and other compounds. The Mediterranean diet, includes fruits, vegetables, whole grains, fatty fish, and foods rich in monounsaturated fatty acids--like extra-virgin olive oil and nuts. Like avocados, some research indicates that these not only contain better fats but also certain micronutrients and bioactive components that may play an important role in reducing risk of heart disease.
"In the United States avocados are not a mainstream food yet, and they can be expensive, especially at certain times of the year. Also, most people do not really know how to incorporate them in their diet except for making guacamole. But guacamole is typically eaten with corn chips, which are high in calories and sodium. Avocados, however, can also be eaten with salads, vegetables, sandwiches, lean protein foods (like chicken or fish) or even whole."

Adapted from : http://sciencedaily.com

15. In relation t paragraph 2, what does paragraph 3 inform?
procedure in carrying out the research
results of the treatment described in paragraph 2
Cholesterol contents that are discussed in paragraph 2
Conditions of the respondents when applying the diets
elationships between the diets and cholesterol contents

16. based on the passage, the relationship between the Mediteranian diet and heart disease is like that between ....
distressed patient and male doctor
air conditioner and hot weather
severe hunger and big meal
bush fire and black smoke
fossil fuel and sports car

17. About avocados described in the passage, the author has the same belief as the researchers' that ....
research needs to reveal accurately their contents
combined diets involving avocados needs further studies
the current research on avocados has conclusive findings
people will take the diet regardless the price of avocados
the fruit nutrients are equal to those of the Mediterranean diet

18. Which paragraphs of the passage most effectively illustrate the power of avocados to deal with heart disease?
2 and 6
3 and 6
3 and 5
4 and 5
5 and 6

19. The author of the passage implies that ....
heart disease happens due to lack of consuming avocados
avocados are closely linked to the high rate of heart diseas
eating avocados than other fruits is a better cure for heart disease
rather than the amount, the appropriate diet of avocados cures heart disease
consuming avocados likely lowers LDL levels among overweight person

20. Another simple way to restate ideas in the last paragraph of the passage is ....
avocados and the Mediterranean diet are more effective when they are consumed together with other fruits
elements of avocados, similar to those in the Mediterranean diet can lower the threat of the heart disease
avocados, rich in useful nutrients like the mediterranean diet are used to treat people with heart disease
patients heart disease can effectively be treated by having either the Mediterranean diet or avocado feeding
micronutrients in avocados and bioactive contents in the Mediterranean diet alike heal heart disease effectively
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Correct answers: