Latihan Soal Reading Bahasa Inggris USM STIS

Text for number 1 - 5
When an earthquake measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale struck the west coast of Sumatra on Wednesday night, March 2016, thousands of residents of Sikakap district, Mentawai Island, rushed to nearby hills. Everyone, including children and the elderly, had to stay there all night. Having learned from a devastating tsunami in 2010 and previous drills organized by the authorities, the residents took the prepared paths to higher ground located a kilometer from North Pagai beach. Fortunately, the tremblor, slightly more intense but further from the islands than that of 2010, caused no damage or loss of life. However, fear remained after the residents arrived at the hill as no shelter or telecommunication facilities to call for assistance were available. Further, the shelters that had been readied after the 2010 tsunami were unusable.
Mentawai islands Disaster Management Agent lamented the lack of communication facilities. She said when the earthquake occurred, she was on a boat heading to Padang, and her phone was functioning but she couldn’t reach anyone on site. Several other facilities, including tsunami-warning sirens were also out. Given the fact that Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelago, it is prone to seismic upheaval because of its location on the Pacific as the “Ring of Fire”, an arc of volcanoes and fault lines circling the Pacific Basin.
A local rights activist with the Alliance of Indigenous People (AMAN) said the earthquake should be a wake-up call for the central government and local authorities to better equip tsunami-prone areas. Meanwhile, the government praised the preparedness of local residents. “What’s important is how people respond immediately by leaving houses and buildings to seek higher ground. And all of that was put into practice last night by the people in Mentawai Islands”. The risk of tsunamis is still an endemic in the archipelago, said the government officer. Hence, to increase the budget for tsunami-mitigation efforts is urgent.
1. Reading through the text above, what is the main message of the first paragraph :
The Sikakap’s people are well prepared
The people are aware about the earth quake
There is no victims for the current earth quake
The fear of an earth quake remains strong within the residents
The people run to higher areas for a safe place

2. Where is the place to which the resident head to after the news that the Tsunami struck
To the district of Sikakap, Mentawai – West Sumatra
The hilly and higher areas around them
To the save places apart from their own houses
To North Pagai Beach areas
Away from the hills

3. What is the biggest fear that people have to face as soon as they arrive at the hilly areas?
They are well prepared to save their own life by themselves
There were no tools for the residents to stay in contact
The awareness of the local authorities in sufficient
Some of the censors for earth quake are working well
That they will have facilities for a while

4. The meaning of “Ring of Fire”, for the final sentence of the second paragraph implies that:
Indonesia lays out on the dangerous areas
The mountain areas around them
Provinces are at highest risks for
There will be dangerous coming all the time
An areas with lots number of volcanic and earthquakes occur

5. The important message suggested for the people on the areas with more earthquakes is:
Indonesian should aware on dangerous areas
How good people support their family
Provinces of Indonesia are at best areas
How people practice to respond quickly
How each family members understand the earthquake

Text 2 for number 6 -10
BPS-Statistics Indonesia will soon conduct Economic Census (EC) 2016 to obtain new data related to the business sector in Indonesia. The EC is conducted for every ten years, and aimed at obtaining data on the total number of business sectors in Indonesia. As stated by the head of BPS, the Economic Census will cover characteristics, types, and distributions of all business sectors in Indonesia, from cities to remote areas. Previously the Economic Census was conducted for 1986, 1996 and 2006. It was a primary source of statistical data based on various economic sectors excluding the agriculture sector. The main objective is to obtain the population of business in Indonesia by economic sector, activities, business skill and region. Further, it also updates the directory of business register, master sampling frame of economic activities, develops as well as creates a map of economic activities distribution. At last, the result of this EC is to collect detail information on the structure of all economic activities. The coverage of EC is mainly for all non-agricultural businesses or establishment in Indonesia. This EC has been planned since 2014 for its preparation phase while the field survey will be conducted in 2016. The information and data gathered will then be processed and analyzed “from 2017 to 2018 to businesses from the micro to macro scale. This survey will also cover all economic activities including haberdasher and street vendors. The business sectors that will be surveyed include the fields of manufacturing, housing, mining, excavation, domestic, and overseas trading, as well as services. The agricultural business sector will not be covered as the BPS surveyed the field in 2013.
6. What is the Census Economy that is conducted this year covers items on :
People activities in urban and rural areas
All activities of each sectors of the economy
Characteristics, types, and distributions of all businesses excluding agricultural sector
Those nonfood sectors activities
Particularly activities runs by the street vendors

7. In second paragraph, the first target 2016 Economic Census aimed to obtain
Details on all sectors activities
Mapping the data for the economic activities
Identification on numbers of activities around areas
Information on the economic sector, activities, business skill and region
Information on agricultural activities

8. How long does it take for Economic Census before the final outcomes will be available for general use:
It needs two years to ruin the economic census
It needs 2 years to prepare and another 1 to 2 years to analyze
It depends on how well the preparation on each region can be done
It needs number of years as Indonesia consists of thousand islands
It needs more than a year after all the data can be collected

9. The underline word “haberdasher” and street vendors that stated in sentences of the second paragraph represents:
Type of works that in line with the informal sectors
All activities or income earning
Kinds of economic activities for youngster
Interesting places that need specialized skills
Those seller that provides food and beverages

10. What is the main idea of the final paragraph:
Type of works that in line with the informal sectors
All activities or income earning
Kinds of economic activities for youngster
Interesting places that need specialized skills
Those seller that provides food and beverages

Text for number 11 - 15
Before we smoke, it is better to look at the fact of smoking effects, not only for smokers but also for non-smokers. About 50 thousand people die every year in Britain as a direct result of smoking. This is seven times as many as deaths in road accidents. Nearly a quarter of smokers die because of diseases caused by smoking.
Ninety percent of lung cancers are caused by smoking. If we smoke five cigarettes a day, we are six times more likely to die of lung cancer than a non-smoker. If we smoke twenty cigarettes a day, the risk is nineteen times greater. Ninety five percent of people who suffer from bronchitis are people who smoke. Smokers are two and half times more likely to die of heart disease than non-smokers.
Additionally, children of smokers are more likely to develop bronchitis and pneumonia. In one hour in a smoky room, a non-smoker breaths as much as substance causing cancer as if he had smoked fifteen cigarettes. Smoking is really good for tobacco companies because they do make much money from smoking habit. Smoking, however, is not good for everybody else.
11. What is the text about?
A report of deaths caused by smoking
The effects of smoking for people
A calculation of how many cigarettes that may cause cancer
Information of the effect of smoking to non-smokers
The result of smoking habit for tobacco companies

12. Which of the statements below is TRUE?
Smoking only does a good impact for the tobacco company
Non-smokers don’t have any threat of getting pneumonia
Fifteen cigarettes a day is all right for smokers
Smoking can risk ninety five percent of the people in a country
The risk caused by smoking for non-smokers is low

13. What is the effect of smoking to non-smokers?
It makes non-smokers healthy
It makes non-smokers a good life
It risks non-smokers health
It causes so much fun
It results in a better lung function

14. What is the communicative purpose of writing the text?
To make people realize the risk of smoking
To make non-smokers stay away from smokers
To make the government stop tobacco production
To make people in Britain stop smoking
To make the doctors find the cure of lung cancer

15. “This is seven times as many as deaths in road accidents.” (Paragraph 1). The underlined word refers to ……..
The smoker
The non-smokers
The data
The company
The accident

Score =
Correct answers:

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