Friday, February 22, 2019

Latihan Soal Grammar ; Gerund and To Infinitive

Dalam soal bahasa Inggris, kadang kita sulit membedakan penggunaan antara gerund dan infinitive. Biasanya gerund mengikuti beberapa kata kerja tertentu begitupun juga infinitive. Dalam soal bahasa Inggris, mengenali bentuk kata kerja yang selalu diikuti oleh gerund, to infinitive atau keduanya adalah suatu keharusan. Mau tidak mau ya harus menghafalkan satu persatu kata- kata tersebut. 
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Beberapa kata kerja yang selalu diikuti oleh Gerund.

admit
advise
anticipate
appreciate
avoid
complete
consider
delay
deny
discuss
dislike
enjoy
finish
forget
can’t help
keep
mention
mind
miss
postpone
practice
quint
recall
recollect
recommend
regret
remember
resent
resist
risk
stop
suggest
tolerate
understand
smell, etc.

Digunakan setelah Adjective + preposition


accustomed to
afraid of
fond of
capable of
intent on
interested in
successful in
sorry for
tired of

Beberapa kata kerja yang diikuti oleh Infinitive

  • agree
  • appear 
  • attempt 
  • choose 
  • claim
  • demand 
  • expect
  • fail 
  • hesitate 
  • hope 
  • intend 
  • learn 
  • offer 
  • plan 
  • prepare 
  • pretend
  • promise 
  • refuse 
  • seem 
  • tend 
  • wish 
  • would like 
Nah, untuk mengasah kemampuan anda dalam materi ini, berikut saya sajikan soal latihan tentang gerund dan to infinitive. Dalam menjawab soal, perhatikan pada kata kerja yang berada di awal, apakah kata kerja berikutnya diikuti oleh bentuk gerund atau to infinitive.

SOAL LATIHAN GERUND DAN TO INFINITIVE

1. Would you mind ... until I finish repairing this smartphone?
to wait
wait
waiting
to be waiting

2. We decided to stay home because Jim wasn't very keen on ____ out in the rain.
to go
goes
went
going

3. I am looking forward to ____ a raise in salary next month.
be getting
get
getting
have got

4. My brother, who was not used to ____ a room with someone else, was quite unhappy when he couldn't have his own room in the dormitory.
share
sharing
be shared
be sharing

5. After ____ his pass, he was allowed to enter the building.
showed
showing
to show
have shown

6. He used to ____ to school together with me when he was child.
go
going
be going
have gone

7. There is a big stone ____ so that we can pass the path easily.
moving
to move
being moved
to moving

8. ____ clothes can often be very time consuming.
to be buying
in buying
buying
bought

9. The children enjoy playing on the beach and ____ .
swim in the ocean
to swim in the ocean
to be swimming in the ocean
swimming in the ocean

10. "Why are you so late?"
" We had to stop on the way ____ some gasoline."
we bought
to buy
buying
to be buying

11. ____ a new language can be very difficult.
To learn
Learned
In learning
Learning

12. He has no intention ____ in her mind.
to change
change
changing
changes

13. Your handwriting is very impossible ____
to read
reading
for reading it
be read

14. The director wants the result of the research ____ at regional meeting.
to be presenting
is to present
to be presented
to have presented

15. Please, give me some ice, the tea is too hot ____ .
drink
drinking
to drink
to drinking

16. ____ all the way home make us tired.
Walk
Walking
To walk
Walked

17. The progress of the class needs _____.
evaluating
evaluated
to evaluate
to be evaluated

18. I was interested in ____ more about your work.
learn
learned
learning
to learn

19. He must avoid ____ too hard because of his poor health.
be working
in working
work
working

20. I usually take a walk early in the morning ____ some fresh air.
getting
to get
be getting
got

Score =
Correct answers:

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