Materi, Pembahasan dan Bentuk Soal Procedure Text dalam Soal Ujian Nasional (UN)

Teks Procedure mempunyai tujuan  untuk memberi petunjuk tentang langkah- langkah/ metode/ cara melakukan sesuatu. Teks ini berisikan rangkaian tips atau tindakan untuk melakukan suatu aktifitas. Teks ini juga dikenal  dengan directory.

Adapun struktur teks procedure adalah sebagai berikut:
  • Goal, yaitu tujuan
  • Materials, bahan- bahan yang dibutuhkan untuk membuat suatu barang (sifatnya opsional)
  • Steps, serangkaian langkah
Sedangkan unsur- unsur kebahasaan yang terdapat dalam teks procedure adalah 
  • Imperative sentence ( kalimat perintah), misalnya put, don't, mix, dsb.
  • Action verb, kata kerja yang berhubungan dengan aktifitas fisik atau intelektual, misalnya put, turn
  • Connective of sequence, misalnya then, while, next, dll
  • Numbering, urutan angka- angka dalanm aktifitas, misalnya first, second, third, dst
Dan berikut contoh dari teks procedure

How to Make Lollipops

Lollipops are pieces of candy on a stick.You hold the stick and lick, bite or suck the candy. Usually, they're made from candy glass, which is essentially melted sugar with some flavoring and food coloring added.

2 cups of sugar
1 cup of water
1/2 teaspoon flavoring scent oil
1-2 drops of food coloring

  1. Use white granulated sugar, also known as ordinary table sugar. This looks like little crystals, not to be confused with "confectioner's sugar", which is used for cake toppings.
  2. Dissolve the sugar in the water and heat it over a stove, on low to medium heat. Stir it constantly so it doesn't burn.
  3. Add food coloring and flavoring when the sugar mixture has boiled. Do not wait until it has turned brown, or your lollipops will be awful tasting caramel!You may add lemon juice if you wish.
  4. Use a candy thermometer to tell when the sugar has reached the "hard crack" stage (this is between 300 and 310 degrees F) (about 150 degrees C). You can test this by dropping a bit of the melted sugar into a glass of cold water, where it should form a hard, brittle thread that cracks.
  5. Pour the melted sugar into molds. When it's cooled a little, add sticks
  6. When the candy is completely cool, pop it out of the molds, and voila: lollipops.
  7. Finished
sumber: www.wikihow.com

Pada kisi- kisi terbaru Ujian Nasional (UN) Bahasa Inggris SMA yang dikeluarkan oleh BSNP, materi procedure text termasuk di dalamnya. Nah, berikut saya lampirkan contoh soal materi procedure text pada soal Ujian Nasional. Semoga bisa menjadi gambaran.
Text 1

1. Remove the back cover, using a small screwdriver to loosen the screw
2. Remove batteries and replace with two new AAA batteries. use the + and - signs to position correctly. dispose of used batteries properly.
3. Replace the cover and tighten the screw with the screwdriver
4. Reset the time using the side buttons

The GMX 200 is guaranteed to keep time accurately for one full year from date of purchase. should it malfunction in any way during this time period, your money will be refunded in full.

1.    What are these the  instructions for?
        A. Changing the batteries
        B. Replacing cover
        C. Repairing batteries
        D. Getting a refund
        E. Setting the date

Pembahasan :
Instruksi atau  prosedur diatas adalah tentang  cara mengganti batere pada sebuah jam, maka pilihan jawaban yang tepat adalah A, changing the batteries

2.    It can be referred from the text that ….
        A. the GMX 200 is a disposal garbage
        B. used batteries can be replaced in the product
        C. the users will get full refund if there is malfunction during the guarantee period 
        D. there are two kinds of batteries to replace the old batteries
        E. the users prohibit to discard used batteries 

Pembahasan : 
Pernyataan yang paling benar yang terdapat dalam teks adalah pengguna akan mendapatkan uangnya kembali bila terjadi kerusakan atau malfungsi saat periode garansi produk ( the users will get full refund if there is malfunction during the guarantee period) pilihan jawaban yang benar adalah pada pilihan C

3.   “Dispose of used batteries properly”
        The underlined word has similar meaning with ….
        A. discard
        B. extricate
        C. retrieve
        D. liberate
        E. retain 

Pembahasan : 
Persamaan kata “dispose” adalah “discard”, yang artinya membuang.
Text 2

No matter how nice your shoes are, they can start looking worn and ugly over time if nor properly cared for. Here's a quick tutorial on how to properly shine a pair of leather shoes.
If you haven't shined shoes before, don't worry—it's actually really, really simple. You will need a few things beforehand, though, which you can buy very cheaply anywhere from a professional shoe shop to somewhere like Target or Wal-Mart:
A soft cloth. This can really be anything from a rag or an old t-shirt to a special buffing cloth (really though, an old t-shirt should work just fine).
A can of shoe polish. These usually run for about a dollar. Grab them in whatever colors you need for the shoes you're shining.
A good shoe brush. Usually these will run you anywhere between $5 and $10.
Shining your shoes is a simple process that should only take you a few minutes. Here's what you do:

1. First, brush off any dirt, mud, salt, or other debris on your shoe with your brush or a damp cloth. Wait for the shoe to dry before continuing to the next step.
2. Next, apply a little bit of your shoe polish to the shoe with your cloth or t-shirt. Make sure not to get it on the carpet or anything else, it won't come out easily! Rub the shoe in small circles, using just a bit of shoe polish at a time—remember, less is more (and you can always add more if need be).
3. Use your shoe brush to brush any excess polish off the shoe. Don't be afraid to put a little elbow grease into this step, you won't ruin the shoe.
4. Lastly, take your cloth or t-shirt and buff out the rest of your shoe so it shines.

taken from : http://www.lifehacker.com/

4.    What is the text about?
        A. Steps to avoid shoes from debris
        B. Steps to polish shoes with clothes
        C. Steps to use shoe brush properly
        D. Steps to make shiny leather  shoes
        E. Steps to brush off dirt and mud on shoes
Pembahasan :
Teks prosedur diatas menceritakan tentang langkah- langkah untuk membuat sepatu menjadi mengkilap. Maka pilihan jawaban yang benar adalah pada pilihan D

5.    According to the text, we may conclude that ….
       A. The materials needed can only be bought in shoe shop
       B. Black and brown are the color which is available for the shoe polish
       C. We may use dry cloth to brush off any mud, dirt, salt and debris
       D. Shoe polish can be cleaned easily if it contacts with other materials such as clothes and carpet
       E. Shining a pair of leather shoes in the tutorial above gives simple steps that everyone can do easily

Pembahasan :
Pernyataan yang benar dalam teks tersebut adalah pada pilihan jawaban E, “Shining a pair of leather shoes in the tutorial above gives simple steps that everyone can do easily”
Bahwa mengkilapkan sepatu membutuhkan langkah yang simpel yang setiap orang bisa melakukannya.

Demikian Materi, Pembahasan dan Bentuk soal Procedure Text dalam soal Ujian Nasional. Semoga Bermanfaat.


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