9/14/2020

Latihan Soal Passive Voice Bahasa Inggris SMP

Halo sahabat Ahzaa, pada pembelajaran kali ini saya akan post tentang soal latihan perubahan bentuk kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif khususnya untuk tingkat SMP. Beberapa soal latihan mengenai kalimat aktif pasif sudah beberapa kali saya post sebelumnya, akan tetapi sebelumnya dengan grade soal yang berbeda yaitu tingkat SMA dan umum. Baik, langsung saja  kita mulai yaa..,



Kalimat pasif mempunyai bentuk dasar,


BE + V-3


Untuk lebih memudahkan sebelum masuk ke pembahasannya, berikut kami berikan contoh dari perubahan kalimat aktif menjadi pasif pada tabel berikut




Cara Pembentukan kalimat Pasif dari Kalimat Aktif
Dari contoh diatas, bisa kita simpulkan cara untuk membuat kalimat pasif adalah sebagai berikut;
  • Letakkan obyek dari kalimat aktif di awal kalimat pasif ( obyek kalimat aktif menjadi subyek kalimat pasif)
  • Jika dalam kalimat aktif tidak ada auxiliary ( to be), maka tambahkan To Be yang sesuai dengan subyek dalam kalimat pasif tersebut. Dalam hal ini, bentuk TO Be nya harus sesuai dengan bemtuk Tense- nya. Berikut penggunaan Be dalam kalimat pasif.


          Present Tense                       Am/is/are
          Past Tense                            Was/ Were
          Continuous                           Being
          Perfect                                  Been
          Modal                                   Be
          Gerund                                 To be   

  • Letakkan kata kerja utama dari kalimat aktif sesudah auxiliary ( to be) dalam bentuk V-3 ( past participle).
  • Gunakan preposition By sesudah kata  kerja utama dalam kalimat pasif. Adapun  penggunaan By dapat dihilangkan apabila maksudnya sudah dimengerti.
  • Untuk lebih jelasnya mengenai pembentukan kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif, berikut ini akan kami jelaskan pembentukannya.
Pembentukan dari Simple Present Tense dan Simple Past Tense

(Active) Indra kicks the ball over the fence
(Passive) The ball is kicked over the fence

(Active)  Somebody stole my car yesterday.
(Passive) My car was stolen yesterday.

Kalimat pasif dari pola continuous

(Active)  They are building a new house at the moment.
(Passive) A new house is being built  at the moment

(Active)  They were building a new house when I came here two years ago.
(Passive) A new house was being built when I was here two years ago. 


Kalimat Pasif yang menggunakan modal


(Active)  Somebody will paint the wall tomorrow.
(Passive) The wall will be painted tomorrow.

(Active)  The boy can answer all of the questions.
(Passive) All of the questions can be answered.

Kalimat Pasif dalam bentuk Perfect

(Active)  They have finished the job already
(Passive) The job has been finished already

(Active)  They had bought the house before I came here
(Passive) The house had been bought before I came here


Kalimat pasif yang menggunakan modal + perfect

(Active)  She should not have scolded him in public
(Passive) He should not have been scolded in public

Kalimat pasif dengan bentuk pertanyaan

(Active)  Does he write an article?
(Passive) is an article written?

(Active)  why do they buy the car?
(Passive) Why is the car bought?


Pada pola kalimat pertanyaan dengan bentuk negatif berikut contohnya.

(Active)  Isn’t he washing the car?
(Passive)  Isn’t the car being washed (by him)?
(Passive)  Is the car not being washed ( by him)?

(Active)  Why don’t they take the box?
(Passive)  Why isn’t the box taken ( by them)?
(Passive)  Why is the box not be taken?


Kalimat pasif yang menggunakan impersonal it.**
Impersonal it digunakan untuk membuat kalimat aktif menjadi kalimat pasif yang menggunakan subyek berupa : people, everybody dan everyone yang diikuti oleh that clause

(Active)  People say that number thirteen is unlucky.
(Passive)  It is said that number thirteen is unlucky.

(Active)  Everyone knows that he is a kind man.
(Passive)  It is known that he is a kind man.

**Beberapa kata kerja yang termasuk dalam bentuk ini adalah kata consider, know, think believe, say, find, report, acknowledge, dsb.

Bentuk kalimat pasif dari Gerund
Gerund yang diletakkan setelah kata kerja : need, require, want, mengandung arti pasif.

(Active)  The flowers need watering.
(Passive)  The garden needs to be watered


(Active)  The pants want mending
(Passive)  The pants want to be mended

Setelah memahami penjelasan diatas, saatnya ke latihan soal yaa...Jangan lupa tuliskan skor di kolom komentar.. Semoga bermanfaat dan bagikan ke teman- teman yang lain...
==========================================================================================

1. I can't use my room at the moment. It ...
is painted
is being painted

2. The house looks old and haunted. When ... ?
is it built
was it built

3. Some trees ... down in the storm last night.
are blown
were blown

4. Because of the accident, three people ... to the hospital this morning
are taken
were taken

5. The road is closed. It ... by the workers now.
is repaired
is being repaired

6. We didn't go to their wedding party. We ....
aren't invited
weren't invited

7. Four men .... by the police.
have arrested
have been arrested

8. I didn't realised that our conversation ....
was recording
was being recording

9. Fire ... by an electrical fault.
can cause
can be caused

10. The man whose leg was injured couldn't walk and had to ....
carried
be carried

11. The biggest hotel in Semarang ... next year.
will open
will be opened

12. The room ... very often.
used
is not used

13. There was a fire at the apartement yesterday. Two of the apartement units ... .
are damaged
were damaged

14. The cars ... yesterday afternoon.
are repaired
were repaired

15. All flights ... because of fog.
have cancelled
have been cancelled

Score =
Correct answers:

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