Saturday, February 22, 2020

Latihan Soal Present Perfect Tense vs Simple Past Tense dalam Teks Cerita

Penggunaan antara Present Perfect Tense dengan Simple Past Tense memang berbeda meskipun keduanya sama- sama dilakukan di masa lampau. Dalam soal berbentuk teks, kadang kedua tenses tersebut disatukan. Maka salah satu cara untuk menjawab soal dengan benar adalah dengan mengetahui ciri- ciri kalimat baik bentuk simple past tense maupun present perfect tense dari segi penanda waktu atau time signal maupun ciri- ciri yang lain. Selain itu, pemahaman makna juga sangat penting dalam membedakan kedua tenses tersebut dalam satu bacaan teks. Untuk lebih mengenal ciri- ciri dari kedua tenses tersebut, rangkuman materi bisa dibaca pada postingan lalu di blog ini,



Berikut latihan soal closed teks cerita yang kata kerjanya menyatakan bentuk simple past tense dan present perfect tense. Bentuk teks saya bagi menjadi tiga bagian untuk memudahkan menjawab soal. Silahkan pilih kata kerja yang tepat untuk diterapkan dalam rumpang teks.
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Choose the correct verbs of the present perfect or simple past.

Part I
Ann Jones is one of the most interesting people ... (1); she is only twenty-five, but she ... (2) to over fifty different countries. Five years ago, she ... (3) a typist in Birmingham, ut she ... (4) to give up her job and see the world. since then, her life ... (5) completely.
1.
met
have met

2.
has traveled
traveled

3.
was
has been

4.
decided
has decided

5.
changed
has changed

Part II
The first time she ... (6) abroad was seven years ago, when she ... (7) just eighteen. She ... (8) a boat to France and then ... (9) around Europe for five weeks. She ... (10) Europe many times since that first trip, of course, but this holiday ... (11) the one which ... (12) her start traveling. She ... (13) the excitement of those five -weeks- although it ... (14) not all enjoyable.
6.
went
has gone

7.
was
has been

8.
took
has taken

9.
hitch-hiked
has hitch-hiked

10.
visited
has visited

11.
was
has been

12.
made
has made

13.
never forgot
has never forgotten

14.
was
has been

Part III
When she ... (15) on train, somebody ... (16) her purse; she ... (17) all her money, and ... (18) to work in a restaurant for fortnight. She ... (19) some good friends there, however, and ... (20)several times since then.
15.
was
has been

16.
stole
has stolen

17.
lost
has lost

18.
had
has had

19.
made
has made

20.
returned
has returned

Text is taken from : Grammar Practice for Intermediate Students, Elain Walker & Steve Elsworth.

Score =
Correct answers:
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Kunci Jawaban


Ann Jones is one of the most interesting people ... (1); she is only twenty-five, but she ... (2) to over fifty different countries. Five years ago, she ... (3) a typist in Birmingham, ut she ... (4) to give up her job and see the world. since then, her life ... (5) completely.
The first time she ... (6) abroad was seven years ago, when she ... (7) just eighteen. She ... (8) a oat to France and then ... (9) around Europe for five weeks. She ... (10) Europe many times since that first trip, off course, but this holiday ... (11) the one which ... (12) her start traveling. She ... (13) the excitement of those five -weeks- although it ... (14) not all enjoyable. When she ... (15) on train, somebody ... (16) her purse; she ... (17) all her money, and ... (18) to work in a restaurant for fortnight. She ... (19) some good friends there, however, and ... (20)several times since then.

1. have met
2. has traveled
3. was
4. decided
5. has changed
6. went
7. was
8. took
9. hitch-hiked
10. has visited
11. was
12. made
13. never forgot/ has never forgotten
14. was
15. was
16. stole
17. lost
18. had
19. made
20. has returned

Semoga Bermanfaat.

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